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the Doll Festival (Hina-matsuri) and Hina dolls

In Japan, people celebrate the Doll Festival (Hina-matsuri)’ on March 3rd

It’s a celebration for girls, and parents display Hina dolls in their house wishing good health and happiness for their children. It’s believed that hina dolls protect girls from evil.


The appearance of hina dolls is heavily influenced by the glamorous fashions and lifestyle of the Imperial court of the Heian era (about 1000years ago).


Originally, hina doll was a pair of dolls representing the Emperor and the Empress
However, over time, the number of dolls increased.
As the result of that, their servants and furniture were added to the original form.
IMG_1983.jpg 
Hina dolls are desplayed on special shelves like this.


By the way, do you know how the Doll Festival (Hina-matsuri) started
The origins of the hina dolls date back to the Heian era.

At that time, a seasonal purification event of Chinese origin was popular among noble people. In March, people used to wash paper dolls down the river praying for good fortune.
It was also popular to play with dolls among girls in the highest social class. The dolls called ‘Hiina’, and they are considered another origin of hina dolls.

It's thought that the Doll Festival as we know it today began several centuries later, when the ancient custom of playing with hiina dolls merged with the seasonal purification event.


To learn more about hina doll, we visited a doll shop ‘Ningyo no Nakazawa’ in Okayama City

The shop offers a wide range of hina dolls.
The price is around 100 thousand yen, but some of them cost around one million yen
Do you find it expensive
However, once you get hina dolls, you can enjoy it for your whole life.
So, it might be the right price


Then, shall we have a look at hina dolls
This is the Empress
 バラ寿司 158
She is wearing a layered kimono, ‘Jyuni-hitoe’ which used to be a full dress for women in the Heian era.


The combination of the colours is following the rule of ‘kasane-irome (colour matching)which has been passed down from the Heian era.
バラ寿司 157  バラ寿司 155
The look of her face is calm, and beautiful.


Whereas, this is the Emperor.
バラ寿司 198
He’s wearing ‘sokutai’ and a crown, and he’s holding a wooden mace as well.
The pattern of sokutai is varied.
For instance, this pattern is called ‘kiritakehouo-mon’, it’s only for the Emperor


What attached to the crown is ‘ei’. It shows the status of the person.
A standing ei is the symbol of the Emperor.
バラ寿司 160 バラ寿司 161 
As you can see, there are two types, single ei and double ei.
The double one is more formal.


By the way, the placement order of the dolls today is different from it in the old times.
1986補正 
This is a traditional placement order, the Emperor is on the right side, and the opposite side is the Empress. It’s associated with the old etiquette.

Years ago, a seat on the right side was considered a seat of honor.
For that reason, the Emperor is displayed on the right.


However, the order has changed in the Showa era.
At the enthronement ceremony of Showa Emperor, he took a seat on the left side.
Since then, the order of hina dolls was also changed.

Well, eventually both placement orders remain now.
Although, the dolls tend to be displayed according to the traditional way in Kansai (west Japan).


Hina dolls was born about 1000years ago, and over time, the number of display shelves increased and the decorations became more and more extravagant.

This one has seven shelves. It’s about 1.5m high, about 1m wide
バラ寿司 175
It’s absolutely luxurious


It’s modeled on the royal wedding in the Heian era.
You can see 13 people besides the royal couple.


I’ll introduce them to you

On the second shelf, there are three female servants.
バラ寿司 187 
1983トリ 
If you look carefully, you’ll realize the lady in the middle doesn’t have her eyebrows.
It’s because married women were supposed to shave their eyebrows at that time.
 

Then, on the third shelf, you see five musicians.
Each person plays different kind of instrument, such as Japanese flute, drums etc…
バラ寿司 178 


And, the body guards are on the fourth shelf.
The older one is ‘the Minister of left’, and the other is ‘the Minister of right’.
バラ寿司 185 バラ寿司 186


Workers who are doing chores in the Imperial court are on the fifth shelf.
I’m fond of them bacause their faces are really funny
Each face shows different emotions, sadness, anger, and joy.
バラ寿司 184 バラ寿司 183 バラ寿司 182

 
On the bottom of the shelf, there’s some bride’s household stuff.
Even though they're tiny, they were made from the same materials as their real-life equivalents, using the same techniques.
バラ寿司 189 バラ寿司 191
(left) lunch boxes
(right) a palanquin

Life is so elegant in the world of hina dolls
It was made in the hope that the daughters of the family would become happy



Recently, there’s also a demand for small hina dolls since most people don’t have enough room for big hina dolls.
For that reason, compact ‘kimekomi hina dolls’ are popular nowadays.
バラ寿司 165 
They are so lovely


Look at her face
バラ寿司 167 
To my surprise, her eyes are drawn with more than 50 thin lines.
The face was painted carefully with extremely thin brush.
The process makes the face richly expressive.



I hope you enjoyed the world of hina dolls

If you’d like to see more hina dolls, I recommend you to join some the Doll Festival (Hina-matsuri) events taken place all over Japan around February and March.

It must be fun
www.okayama-kanko.jp/hinaguru2012/   (Hina-matsuri events in Okayama)


Ningyo no Nakazawa
Address: 1-2-10 Nakayama shita, Kita Ward, Okayama City
Tel: 086-222-3523
Opening time: 10:00-19:00
Access: 10min walk from JR Okayama station
ningyononakazawa.com/





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上記広告は1ヶ月以上更新のないブログに表示されています。新しい記事を書くことで広告を消せます。